Modeling of Volcanic Processes Chi-Yu King

ISBN: 9783528089948

Published: January 1st 1988

Paperback

211 pages


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Modeling of Volcanic Processes  by  Chi-Yu King

Modeling of Volcanic Processes by Chi-Yu King
January 1st 1988 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, RTF | 211 pages | ISBN: 9783528089948 | 3.54 Mb

La Reunion is an oceanic intra-plate volcanic island located at the southern-most part 0 of the Mascarene Basin at 21 0 07 S, 55 32 E (Figure 1). It lies south of the Mascarene Plateau and Mauritius Island but is a distinct topographic feature onMoreLa Reunion is an oceanic intra-plate volcanic island located at the southern-most part 0 of the Mascarene Basin at 21 0 07 S, 55 32 E (Figure 1). It lies south of the Mascarene Plateau and Mauritius Island but is a distinct topographic feature on the rather flat ocean bottom of the Mascarene Basin, whose age is paleocene in the vicinity of the island (Schlich, 1982), and whose lowest point is more than 4000m deep.

La Reunion is ellip tical in shape (50 X 70 km) with a NW-SE elongation. It is composed of two volcanoes: Piton des Neiges and Piton de la Fournaise. A third volcanic structure has been recent ly discovered on the east submarine flank of the island (Unat et aI., submitted). Piton des Neiges, a dormant and deeply eroded volcano, rises to a height of 3069 m and oc cupies the northwestern two-thirds of the island. Piton de la Fournaise (2630 m), one of the most active basaltic volcanoes in the world, began to grow more than 3. 5 X 1O years ago on the southeast flank of Piton des Neiges.

The evolution of Piton de la Fournaise (Chevallier and Bachclery, 1981) is marked by the formation of three sub-concentric nested calderas (Figure 2). The boundaries of the two older calderas are more or less buried or eroded.



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